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Gram Positive Cocci:

  • Staph aureus 
  • Staph epidermidis
  • Streptococcus 
  • Enterococci 
  • Characteristics of Gram Positive Bacteria: - gram positive bacteria retain crystal violet after alcohol decolorization

Gram Negative Cocci

  • Neisseria gonorrhea
  • Neisseria meningitidis
  • Branhamella catarrhalis  

Gram Positive Bacilli:

  • Listeria 
  • Bacillus anthracis 
  • Clostridium tetani 
  • Clostridium perfringens 
  • Clostridium difficile 
  • Cornybacterium diphthiae 
  • Actinomyces israeli 
  • Nocardia asteroides

Gram Negative Bacilli:

  •  Enteric Gm Neg Bacilli: 
    • Bacteroides fragilis 
    • Citrobacter diversus 
    • Enterobacteriaceae 
    • Escherichia coli 
    • Klebsiella Pneumoniae
    • Proteus mirabilis 
    • Salmonella typhi
    • Serratia 
  • Non Enteric Gm Neg Bacilli:
    • Eikenella corrodens 
    • H. influenza 
    • Legionella pneumophila 
    • Pasteurella multocida
    • Pseudomonas aeruginosa 
    • Acinetobacter anitratus 
    •  Vibrio
  • Characteristics of Gm Neg Bacteria: - cell membrane does not retain crystal-violet indium dye after an alcohol rinse but does retain safrinin O counterstain; - lipopolysaccharide is a cell membrane endotoxin which is associated w/ the clinical effects of gm negative sepsis


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