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Orthopaedic Biomechanics by J. Michael Kabo, PhD, UCLA

The subject of Biomaterials entails an understanding of the interaction of artificial man-made materials for use within the human body. Depending on the application, these materials must serve as protective barriers, filter membranes, load bearing members, joint surfaces, or even simply filler materials. For orthopaedic applications a strong emphasis is placed on the ability of the materials to bear loads and resist material degradation for long periods of time. Biomechanics, on the other hand, is the study of the ability of natural and artificial biomaterials to sustain, distribute, and withstand externally applied and internally generated loads that are applied throughout the course of normal physiological activities. In a sense it is a method of evaluating biomaterials as a structure. It requires an understanding of how loads are developed and the distribution of these loads through the different structural members. Since different materials respond differently to the application of loads the interaction between materials within a structural construct plays an important role.

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