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Congenital Hand disorders

CLASSIFICATION:
I. Failure of formation of parts (arrest of development)
A. Transverse deficiencies
1. Amputations: arm, forearm, wrist, hand, digits
B . Longitudinal deficiencies
i. Phocomelia: complete, proximal, distal
2 . Radial deficiencies ( radial club hand )
3. Central deficiencies ( cleft hand )
4. Ulnar deficiencies ( ulnar club hand )
5. Hypoplastic digits

II. Failure of differentiation (separation) of parts
A. Synostosis: elbow, forearm, wrist, metacarpals, phalanges
B. Radial head dislocation
C. Symphalangism
D. Syndactyly
1. Simple
2. Complex
3. Associated syndrome
E. Contracture
i. Soft tissue
a) Arthrogryposis

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Bone & Fracture Mechanics
Congenital Hand disorders
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