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Injuries other than fractures

In addition to bony injuries, other anatomical structures can also be damaged in a injury:


Joints can be damaged in three ways:

  1. Subluxation - this is the partial dislocation of a joint, in which there is still partial contact between the joint surfaces
  2. Dislocation - there is no contact between the joint surfaces
  3. Fracture dislocation - there a fracture around the joint in addtion to the joint dislocation.


Ligament injuries can be grouped into three different types:

  1. Sprain - this is a partial tear in the ligament or joint capsule but the joint however is still stable
  2. Partial rupture - this is the partial ruupture of the ligament. There is some loss of joint stability
  3. Complete rupture - this is the complete rupture of the ligament  and is associated with joint instability.

Soft tissues

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Injuries other than fractures
Trauma Management
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